Who Came First To India British Or French?

Who came to India first?

explorer Vasco de GamaPortuguese explorer Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast.

Da Gama sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, in July 1497, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and anchored at Malindi on the east coast of Africa..

Did the French ever rule India?

The French were late by six decades in India. As with other European colonists — British and the Dutch, the French too started their colonisation through commercial activities. The first French factory in India was established at Surat in 1668 and later one at Machillipatnam.

Why were the French unsuccessful in India?

It was through the short-sighted, ill-managed European policy of Louis XV, misguided by his mistresses and by incompetent ministers, that France lost her Indian Settlements in the Seven Years’ War”.

When did Dutch leave India?

Dutch presence on the Indian subcontinent lasted from 1605 to 1825. Merchants of the Dutch East India Company first established themselves in Dutch Coromandel, notably Pulicat, as they were looking for textiles to exchange with the spices they traded in the East Indies.

Who looted India most?

Drawing on nearly two centuries of detailed data on tax and trade, Patnaik calculated that Britain drained a total of nearly $45 trillion from India during the period 1765 to 1938.

Were the French in India before the British?

Shakeel Anwar. The last European people to arrive in India were the French. … From their arrival until 1741 AD, the objectives of the French, like those of the British, were purely commercial. The French East India Company took hold of Yanam in 1723 AD, Mahe on Malabar Coast in 1725 AD and Karaikal in 1739 AD.

Did France ever rule India?

The possessions were originally acquired by the French East India Company beginning in the second half of the 17th century, and were de facto incorporated into the Republic of India in 1950 and 1954.

Why did Britain give up India?

One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. The country was deeply divided along religious lines. In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus.

What made British to leave India?

An early symptom of the weakness of the empire was Britain’s withdrawal from India in 1947. During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942.

Who was the first British came in India?

John Mildenhall (1560–1614) or John Midnall was a British explorer and adventurer and one of the first to make an overland journey to India.

Who gave India name?

The name “India” is originally derived from the name of the river Sindhu (Indus River) and has been in use in Greek since Herodotus (4th century BCE). The term appeared in Old English as early the 9th century and reemerged in Modern English in the 17th century.

Who gave Pondicherry to French?

François Martin (1634–31 December 1706) was the first Governor General of Pondicherry. In 1673, Sher Khan Lodi, the governor of Valokondapuranam under the sultan of Bijapur granted Francois martin, director of the Masulipatnam, a site for a settlement. He founded Pondicherry, the future capital of French India in 1674.

When did the British first came to India?

History of the British RajPortuguese India (1505–1961)East India Company1612–1757Company rule in India1757–1858British Raj1858–1947British rule in Burma1824–194811 more rows

What was India before British rule?

British RajBritish India• Indian Independence Act18 July 1947• Partition of India14 and 15 August 1947CurrencyIndian rupeePreceded by Succeeded by 1858: Company rule in India Mughal Empire 1893: Emirate of Afghanistan 1937: Colony of Burma 1947: Dominion of India Dominion of Pakistan32 more rows

Is India the oldest country in the world?

Egypt is considered one of the oldest countries in the world and was first settled around 6000 BC. The first dynasty was believed to be founded around 3100 BC. Another one of the world’s oldest country is China. … India is also a nation that is behind some of the world’s oldest religions including Buddhism and Hinduism.

Who won the French and Indian War and how?

However, the war “officially” ended in 1763 (when Britain and France signed the Treaty of Paris) in 1763. The British had won the French and Indian War. They took control of the lands that had been claimed by France (see below). France lost its mainland possessions to North America.